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Você sabe o que é hérnia de disco?

Causada por uma lesão dos discos que compõem a coluna vertebral, hérnia de disco atinge grande parte da população brasileira
postado por jornalismo em   17/11/2015

 

Por Marcos Felipe da Costa Rosa

 

Entre as nossas vértebras na coluna temos discos intervertebrais, estruturas cartilaginosas que tem a função de amortecer e distribuir as cargas impostas pelo corpo em nosso dia a dia e nos dar flexibilidade.

 

A hérnia surge uma vez que, o núcleo do disco intervertebral migra do seu local, do centro do disco para a periferia em direção à medula, causando dor local e irradiada para extremidades. Vários fatores podem levar ao aparecimento da hérnia discal, tais como:

 

  • Idade: que leva a um envelhecimento natural de todas as estruturas corporais;
  • Pequenos traumas na coluna que vão, com o passar do tempo, lesando as estruturas do disco intervertebral;
  • Pode acontecer como consequência de um trauma severo sobre a coluna, infecções e fatores genéticos.

 

A hérnia de disco é considerada uma patologia extremamente comum, que causa séria inabilidade em seus portadores e em vista disso, constitui um problema de saúde pública mundial, embora não fatal.

 

Ela é mais comum na região cervical (pescoço) e lombar (região acima da cintura), mas em alguns casos, embora não muito comum, pode ocorrer em região torácica (meio das costas), independente da região é uma lesão que causa muita dor e leva a inatividade.

 

Em casos extremos o tratamento cirúrgico é indicado, mas, no geral, o tratamento conservador é utilizado, visando o alongamento e relaxamento dos músculos ao redor das vértebras levando a uma diminuição da compressão imposta pela hérnia, diminuindo a dor e melhorando a qualidade de vida do paciente.

 

É de suma importância não ficar um tempo prolongado em uma mesma postura e realizar uma atividade física regular para que a coluna se mantenha flexível e forte, o que previne esse tipo de patologia. Em caso de dor procurar um profissional capacitado para avaliação e devido tratamento.

 

 

Marcos Felipe da Rosa Costa é fisioterapeuta especializado em Ortopedia e Traumatologia, acupunturista e professor de pilates. Seu objetivo é trabalhar em prol da melhoria da qualidade de vida e na diminuição de dores de seus pacientes.


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